کاربر گرامی: ضمن تشکر از بازدید شما از این وب سایت، خواهشمند است جهت استفاده ی بهتر ازامکانات وب سایت، از مرورگر Fire Fox استفاده نمایید.

دکتر محمد ایمانی

دکتر محمد ایمانی با قبولی در کنکور سراسری کشور و کسب رتبه 96 ، وارد دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تبریز شد و پس از فارغ التحصیلی ، به عنوان پزشک عمومی در تهران و کرج مشغول طبابت گردید.

بعد ازسالها طبابت، مجدداً با قبولی در آزمون دستیاری پزشکی با کسب رتبه 260 در سهمیه منطقه آزاد وارد بخش پوست دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد گردیده و در حال حاضر نیز به عنوان دستیار تخصصی سال آخر بیماری های پوست و مو در بیمارستان های قائم و امام رضا مشهد مشغول آموزش و تحصیل می باشد.

دسته: CaseReports

CASE 1
A 27-year-old married lady, resident of Tamil Nadu (South India), was admitted to the ICU with complaints of low grade fever, weakness, dyspnea on accustomed exertion, swelling of face, hands and feet of 15 days duration.

She developed blisters on the skin and mucosal ulcers four days later and was referred to a dermatologist. Skin examination revealed diffuse periorbital edema, multiple tense vesiculobullous lesions on the face, eyelids, neck, trunk and external genitalia ,Both Nikolskiy and bulla spread signs were negative. Besides, there were multiple painful ulcers on the lips and buccal mucosa


Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی


CASE 2
A 65-year-old man developed skin fragility and blistering across the dorsum of the hands while on holiday in Spain, a country he visited regularly
his medications of tiotropium, irbesartan, simvastatin with ezetimibe, cetirizine, aspirin and oxprenolol for many years. Three days before travel, he had been started on a 2-week course of ciprofloxacin for a chest infection
He reported a heavy alcohol intake


Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی


CASE 3
A 55-year-old black female on hemodialysis (HD) for 3 years complained of progressive facial hyperpigmentation associated with facial hirsutism of 6 months duration. The primary etiology of her renal failure was hypertension. She was hepatitis C positive and denied alcohol abuse. She subsequently developed painful blisters on her hand that burst spontaneously


Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی


porphyria cutanea tarda

Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی


Classified Into :

erythropoietic and hepatic :according to the major site of expression of the enzyme deficiency

cutaneous versus non-cutaneous forms

acute and non-acute: presence or absence of potentially life-threatening acute neurologicattacks


Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی

 

  • rare disorders
  • Prevalence rates vary from 0.5 to 10 per 100000 individuals
  • all races and both sexes.

Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی

Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی


Porphyrins  absorb light intensely in the Soret band (major absorption peak between 400 and 410 nm).
By absorbing this radiant energy, these molecules then enter into an excited state. Excited porphyrins in their singlet and triplet states can transfer this absorbed energy to oxygen molecules, thereby creating reactive oxygen species.
Cellular and tissue damage induced by photoactivated porphyrins is believed to result primarily from the formation of reactive singlet oxygen and free radicals, with subsequent lipid peroxidation and protein cross-linking

The type of cellular damage depends on the solubility and tissue distribution of the porphyrins.
Accumulation of water-soluble uro-, copro- and protoporphyrins leads to blistering, as is seen in most of the cutaneous porphyrias (e.g. porphyria cutanea tarda, variegate porphyria, hereditary coproporphyria).
In contrast, accumulation of lipophilic protoporphyrins leads to an immediate cutaneous burning sensation after exposure to UV light, accompanied by erythema and edema, as is seen in erythropoietic protoporphyria.


Porphyria Cutanea Tarda
the most common type of porphyria.
decreased catalytic activity of uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase, the fifth enzyme
Depending upon the major site of expression of the uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase, at least two types of PCT can be distinguished:
type I ,sporadic (acquired) variant, in which the enzymatic deficiency is exclusively expresse in the liver
type II ,An autosomal dominant familial (hereditary) variant, in which the catalytic enzymatic defect is detected in all tissues
Currently, the ratio of type I to type II PCT is estimated to be approximately 3: 1 to 4: 1


cutaneous manifestations :

  •  increased photosensitivity
  • skin fragility
  • blistering,
  •  erosions, crusts, milia and scars in sun-exposed sites postinflammatory hyperpigmentation,
  • hypertrichosis,
  • scarring alopecia,
  •  and morpheaform and sclerodermoid changes

Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی

Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی

Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی

Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی

Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی

Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی


Triggering Factors:

alcohol, estrogens, polychlorinated hydrocarbons, hemodialysis in patients with renal failure, iron, inheritance of specific mutations (C282Y and H63D) in the HFE gene which underlie classic hemochromatosis, and viral infections such as hepatitis C and HIV


Histologic examination of vesiculobullae commonly reveals:

subepidermal cell-poor blisters

characteristic festooning of dermal papillaej

deposition of PAS-positive glycoproteins in and around the wall of vessels localized in the upper dermis


Direct immunofluorescence microscopy

immunoglobulins (mainly IgG, less commonly IgM), complement and fibrinogen at the dermal-epidermal junction and around blood vessels of the papillary dermis

 

Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی


The laboratory investigation that assists in establishing the diagnosis of a specific type of porphyria involves up to four steps:

  • a thorough clinical evaluation that includes a family history and physical examination, with particular reference to sun-exposed sites
  • biochemical measurement of porphyrins and porphyrin precursors in urine, feces, blood and/or plasma
  • determination of the activity of specific enzymes (performed in specialized laboratories only when there are specific indications
  • mutational analysis utilizing molecular genetic techniques (specialized laboratories)
  • occasionally, when the diagnosis of porphyria is not suspected clinically, the histologic features may suggest the diagnosis

Historically, a presumptive clinical diagnosis of PCT was followed by an examination of the patient's urine, both under Wood's lamp illumination (in the dark) and after exposure to natural light.
the urine of PCT patients turns red to brown after several hours of exposure to natural light and it has a pink to red fluorescence when exposed to a UVA light source.
However, it has to be borne in mind that these bedside observations are neither sensitive nor specific diagnostic tests.


Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی

Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی

Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی


Biochemically,
increased urinary excretion of uroporphyrin, hepta-carboxylated porphyrins ,and coproporphyrin can be detected,
increased excretion of isocoproporphyrin in the feces;
the latter finding being exclusive to PCT (and hepatoerythropoietic porphyria).


Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی


Treatment


Avoidance of UV
sun-protective clothing,
broad-spectrum sunscreens
Because the wavelengths that induce the porphyrias are in the 400-410 nm range, sunscreens are limited in their therapeutic effectiveness, with the exception of titanium dioxide and zinc oxide

eliminate triggering factors such as alcohol ingestion and estrogen therapy


Phlebotomy
In patients with iron overload, successful treatment can be achieved by repeated phlebotomy (venesection) of approximately 500 ml blood every 2 weeks, as tolerated by the patient; some authors recommend weekly venesection of 300 ml blood.


While the therapeutic goal is to reduce serum ferritin levels to the lower limit of the reference range, care should be taken to not induce anemia.
Phlebotomy usually leads to resolution of skin fragility and blistering within 2-4 months.
However, normalization of urinary porphyrin concentrations will usually take longer (about 12 months).
When required, maintenance phlebotomy is performed at less frequent intervals.


Antimalarials
Work as:
accelerating the secretion of porphyrins,
may also inhibit porphyrin synthesis.
Standard therapy consists of 200 mg of hydroxychloroquine or 125 mg of chloroquine twice weekly, and complete remission can be expected within 6-9 months
If the initial dose is tolerated but does not control the cutaneous symptoms, the same dosage can be give more frequently, i.e. three to four times weekly.
These antimalarials can be used in combination with phlebotomy to induce a remission more rapidly

 

Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی

Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی


CASE 1
A 27-year-old married lady, resident of Tamil Nadu (South India), was admitted to the ICU with complaints of low grade fever, weakness, dyspnea on accustomed exertion, swelling of face, hands and feet of 15 days duration.

She developed blisters on the skin and mucosal ulcers four days later and was referred to a dermatologist. Skin examination revealed diffuse periorbital edema, multiple tense vesiculobullous lesions on the face, eyelids, neck, trunk and external genitalia ,Both Nikolskiy and bulla spread signs were negative. Besides, there were multiple painful ulcers on the lips and buccal mucosa


Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی


As the 24h urinary protein was markedly elevated (3.5 g/24 h)
Liver and renal function tests, VDRL, ELISA for HIV, USG abdomen and Mantoux test were within normal limits.
IgG and IgM for Mycobacterium tuberculosis were negative.
Blood samples were sent for ANA and dsDNA
Histopathology of the skin showed necrotic keratinocytes and subepidermal vesicle, which were teeming with neutrophils and a few eosinophils.
DIF study revealed IgG deposits at the DEJ


Diagnosis:


Bullous SLE


Both ANA and dsDNA were strongly positive. The patient was diagnosed as a case of bullous SLE based on the following ACR criteria; oral ulceration, pleural and pericardial effusion (serositis), proteinuria >3.5 g/day, positive ANA and positive dsDNA.


CASE 2
A 65-year-old man developed skin fragility and blistering across the dorsum of the hands while on holiday in Spain, a country he visited regularly
his medications of tiotropium, irbesartan, simvastatin with ezetimibe, cetirizine, aspirin and oxprenolol for many years. Three days before travel, he had been started on a 2-week course of ciprofloxacin for a chest infection
He reported a heavy alcohol intake


Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی


On examination, the patient had one intact blister and several ulcerated lesions across the dorsum of the hands No scarring or milia were seen. A provisional diagnosis of porphyria cutanea tarda was made,
Investigations revealed a normal full blood count and renal profile. There were raised levels of alanine transaminase (48 IU ⁄ L; normal range 0–41) and c-glutamyl transferase (77 IU ⁄ L; normal range 8–61). The ferritin level was normal and hepatitis C serology was negative. Plasma porphyrins were not detected, and urinary, faecal and red-cell porphyrins were not in excess when measured by fluorescence emission spectroscopy.

A punch biopsy was taken, which revealed an ulcer edge consistent with a healing wound. Direct immunofluorescence found bright blood-vessel and hyaline-mantle staining with IgG and a lesser degree of staining with IgA, C3 and fibrinogen


Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی


Diagnosis is:
 Pseudoporphyria


Pseudoporphyria is an uncommon rash that can develop following increased exposure to ultraviolet (UV)A in patients taking various drugs or on haemodialysis.
 Our patients rash developed on holiday; however, he had not had any reaction on the other trips abroad.
Although the increased UVA exposure may have contributed to the development of pseudoporphyria, we believe it cannot be the only trigger in this case.
The patient had been stable on his medication for many years and it was felt unlikely that these were to blame.
The only new medication was ciprofloxacin.


CASE 3
A 55-year-old black female on hemodialysis (HD) for 3 years complained of progressive facial hyperpigmentation associated with facial hirsutism of 6 months duration. The primary etiology of her renal failure was hypertension. She was hepatitis C positive and denied alcohol abuse. She subsequently developed painful blisters on her hand that burst spontaneously


Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی


Liver enzymes were elevated (AST 95U/L, ALT 63U/L, AP 891U/L).
Microscopic examination revealed hyperkeratosis (consistent with the anatomic site) and subepidermal blistering with festooning of dermal papillae. A mild, mixed inflammatory infiltrate including neutrophils was present


Diagnosis:
Porphyria Cutanea Tarda

Her predialysis serum porphyrin level was >2000 nmol/L.
Serum ferritin was 2625 ng/mL
Based on clinical, biochemical, and histopathological findings, a diagnosis of sporadic PCT was made


Treatment with oral hydroxychloroquine was instituted and her HD membrane was changed from low flux to high flux.
Instead of regular phlebotomy to decrease iron overload,
Erythropoietin therapy was adjusted to maintain the hemoglobin between 10 and 12 g/dL.
Iron supplementation was discontinued.
After 2 months of therapy, improvement of her blisters was noted.
Facial hirsutism and hyperpigmentation also improved, but to a lesser degree.
A few months later, the blisters resolved (Figure 2) and the serum porphyrin level decreased to 1400 nmol/L


Porphyria - دکتر محمد ایمانی

اضافه کردن نظر


کد امنیتی
تازه سازی



Hair

از دکتر ایمانی بپرسید

تخصص: متخصص پوست، مو، زیبایی و لیزر
دوست عزيز و گرامي من
زمان بهترين و ارزشمندترين هديه اي است كه مي توان به كسي ارزاني داشت.هنگامي كه براي كسي وقت مي گذاريم،قسمتي از زندگي خود را به او ميدهيم كه باز پس گرفته نمي شود.
باعث خوشحالي و افتخار من است كه براي عزيزي مثل شما وقت مي گذارم و اميدوارم كه با راهنماييهاي اساتيد اين رشته واظهار نظر شما عزيزان اين سايت آموزشي پر بارتر گردد

دكتر محمد ايماني

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پزشک: دکتر محمد ایمانی

پرسشگر: مینا

تاریخ: پنج شنبه, 22 اسفند 1392 09:50

وضعیت: پاسخ داده شده

پرسش: سلام خسته نباشید آقای دکتر من بدنمو لیزر کردم و موهام خیلی کم تر شده و دیگه نمیخوام لیزر کنم الان اپیلاسیون می کنم میخواستم از کرم bioxet که تبلیغش تو اینترنت هست استفاده کنم برای کم تر شدن موها تو قسمتایی که زیاد کم نشده . به نظرتون نتیجه میده؟ اصلا کرم خوبیه؟ از کجا باید تهیه کنم؟ پیشاپیش از پاسختون ممنونم

تاریخ پاسخ: چهارشنبه, 13 فروردين 1393 01:17

پاسخ:

خانم مینا سلام

بله این کرم میتونه برای ادامه درمان مناسب باشه و حتی بهتر از اون کرم افلورنیتین هست که البته گرانتر و کمیاب تر هست. معمولا از داروخانه ها قابل تهیه هست

پزشک: دکتر محمد ایمانی

پرسشگر: سعید شادکامی

تاریخ: چهارشنبه, 21 اسفند 1392 08:58

وضعیت: پاسخ داده شده

پرسش: سعید سلام سلام خسته نباشد .من 25 سالمه اگزمای سبوره دارم و نصف " قرص فینستراید 5" هرشب و "لوسیون کلوتریزون" برای سرم تجویز شده . می خواستم بدونم قرص دیگه ای نیست جایگزین کنم اخه عوارضش اینطور که تو سایت های ایرانی و خارجی خوندم نازاییه تا جایی که یه وب سایت خارجی ضد فینستراید دیدم بخاطر عوارضی که تو بلند مدت داره .نگران شدم ساقه موهام خیلی نازک شده چیزی هست در این مورد استفاده کنم؟ *ایا قرص فولیک اسید واسه مو خوبه؟؟ * ایاموردی داره اگه " لوسیون (کلو تریمازول)کانازول " جایگزین "لوسیون کلوتریزون" اخه جفتشون کلو تریمازول دارن . با تشکر

تاریخ پاسخ: چهارشنبه, 13 فروردين 1393 01:15

پاسخ:

آقا سعید سلام

قرص فینستراید برای ریزش موی تیپ مردانه تجویز می شود و به هیچ وجه در درمان درماتیت سبوره نقشی ندارد

دوز دارو هم هرشب یک قرص یک میلیگرم است و نه بیشتر و دوزهای بالاتر برای بزرگی خوش خیم پروستات در سنین بالا تجویز می شود و یا در خانمها برای درمان آکنه یا پر مویی در شرایط خاص،

لذا توصیه می کنم که قرص رو ادامه ندید و در موارد سبوره شدید فلوکونازول و حتی در موارد مقاوم ایتراکونازول تجویز می کنیم که حتما باید با معاینه و تجویز پزشک باشد

برای درمان ریزش و یا نازکی مو میتونید از محلول مینوکسیدیل 5% استفاده کنید که شبها 20 قطره و بعد از 2-3 ماه اثراتش شروع میشه و برای حفظ موها باید سالها ادامه بدید

به زودی مقاله درماتیت سبوره یا شوره و راههای کنترل آن در سایت گذاشته خواهد شد که که مطالعه بفرمایید